The one installed on above-ground are easy to move because are not in a permanent structure. Can be adapted to every plot size ‘cause have different shapes,
The fiberglass and concrete pool can be realized on site and permit to have a personalized design, but cost more and their duration can be lengthy.
Specific designed for swimming are perfect for small yards because required a minimal space, may be 10 x2,5 m.
Use to be installed in little properties to add value at the backyard. Can be maximum 3×2 meters.
Over 8×4 meters and made on different shapes, this type of pool is good for entertaining, exercising, relax or just swim and splash.
Swim Spa Pool
This type of pool have water jets, can be heated and filled with salt water.
Clean and safe
Pool water must be sanitized and balanced regularly. Here an example of the elements and chemicals most used to maintain your swimming pool.
Sanitizers: Chlorine and bromine are the most common chemicals used to sanitize and help to have water free from microscopic particles. In the market are also available chlorine generators and oxidizers.
Balance: pH level, alkalinity, water hardness and total dissolved solids need to be within certain ranges. Imbalanced water causes eye irritation and cloudy water. Sodium bicarbonate (soda ash) and muriatic acid are the two most common products used to balance pool water.
Testing: Pool water needs to be tested regularly. Depending on area, weather, season maybe you need to taste from 2 times a day or every 2 days.
Testing Kits: Simple to use and read, test kits are not difficult to understand if something is out of basic range.
Shocking: Occasionally done to add extra doses of sanitizers.
Salt water Not all salt is the same. Where it is mined and how it is produced/manufacturing method can affect the amount of impurities and additives found in the salt, which directly relates to the risk associated with levels of stain-causing minerals that can be found in it. Salt in your pool will be measured in parts per million (ppm). Salt facts: sea water – 35,000 ppm; saline solution for contact lenses – 6,000 ppm; and the human body – 4,000 ppm. Your taste level for salt is about 3,500 ppm. An AutoPilot SCG requires only 2,500 – 3,000 ppm for operation. Chlorine in a pool is also measured in ppm. 4 ppm of chlorine is 10x as corrosive on stainless steel as 4,000 ppm of salt. With new technology today, there are many salt friendly pool components such as dive boards, hand rails, ladders, etc. With this information, the corrosion factor should not be an issue in today’s market. If you still have concerns, you may want to consider a sacrificial anode. A sacrificial anode is a component that can be added to your plumbing and attaches to your bonding wire. It contains a zinc anode, which will sacrifice itself to galvanic corrosion, before all metals in the pool, such as lights, ladders, rails, etc. These anodes typically need replacing at the 3 year mark.
However, if you’re building a brand new pool, the plumbing will usually be PVC. The only metal element is then any railings or trim rings around the lights. As long as you keep your salt concentrations in check (they are low concentrations) you usually won’t have problems. This should only need to be adjusted when you first fill the pool and add salt, and any time you drain and refill it. Keeping the water at a consistent level will keep the salinity the same.
The benefit of the salt water is it generates its own free chlorine via electrolysis when passed through an electrical charge. You avoid having to add the most common pool chemical – which is chlorine. The salt water is also less irritating for some people than the chlorine. If installing a new pool, I might pay the bit extra to make it saltwater. As far as filtration systems, cartridge filters are the easiest to maintain and give good filtration.
There are 3 basic types of pool filters – Sand, Cartridge, and DE.
One thing you must understand about filters is what a micron is. Micron – a unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter. These types of filters can only filter out particles and debris up to a certain micron. So, a micron is extremely small. Let’s compare, so we get a better understanding. A grain of salt is about 100 microns, bacteria typically measure 2 microns or smaller, and decomposed algae is 1 micron or less.
Sand filters can remove and hold particles 20-25 microns and larger, collecting the least amount of debris of the 3. A bed of sand in the filter is what collects the particles and debris. Most sand filters are equipped with a pressure gauge and multiport. The pressure gauge will tell you when the filter is in need of cleaning by measuring the PSI. When indicated, you will perform a backwash procedure to remove particles and debris the filter has collected. The multiport typically has a waste option which becomes useful if your pool has too much water due to large rain loads, or if you need to vacuum undesirable particles or debris directly out of the pool due to certain conditions such as algae. Since decomposed algae are 1 micron or less, you can see how if you have an algae bloom, it will virtually be impossible for a sand filter to rectify the situation without a filter aid (several different types on the market). Sand in the filter typically lasts 7 years or until you experience negative filtering problems.
DE filters can remove and hold particles 2-4 microns and larger, filtering the most amount of particles and debris compared to the other 2. A filter grid assembly in the filter coated with diatomaceous earth is what collects the particles and debris. Most DE filters are equipped with a pressure gauge and multiport, providing the same benefits as the described above, but after completing the backwash procedure, you must recharge the grids with another coating of DE. DE grids typically last 5-7 years.
Cartridge filters can remove and hold particles somewhere between what a Sand filter and DE filter can accomplish, typically around 15 microns. Cartridge filter elements in the filter are what collects the particles and debris. These filters are not equipped with a multiport, so if you vacuum an algae bloom, a lot of it will collect on cartridges and need to be cleaned off with a filter cleaning product/chemical. During typical cleaning you should spray your cartridges off with a garden hose. Make sure you pool builder equips your pool with a way for you to waste water from the pool, should you need to do it. Cartridge elements typically last 3-5 years.
All filters should be cleaned with a filter cleaning product/chemical at least twice a year.
Natural Pools – Ponds
The water in the natural swimming pools is kept clear thanks to plants and sand filters, not only design is important on those types but remember that natural means chemical free.
Natural swimming pools rely on a constructed wetland of plants and gravel to filter the water in an area called the regeneration zone. Basically the water goes from the swimming area to the regeneration area thanks to a pump, this circle let the pool be clear and safe.
How a pool work…
To better understand why is important to keep under control your pool let ‘start to take a look on the operational equipment installed on.
- Skimmer baskets: located at the perimeter of the pol, the baskets catch the leaves and other materials
- Pump and motor: those are the elements that let the water drawn to the filtration system before can return perfect in the pool.
- Filters: there are 3 different types on the market, everyone can be more effective depending of the size of your pool.
- Heaters: confortable system that let you have warm water in a pool, so you can use in cooler season as well.
- Pool float: is a line which crosses the pool at the point where the depth changes.
- Ladders and safety equipment: provide an exit from the pool and are usually located at the opposite end from the pool steps.